Gum disease is an infection to the periodontal tissue that support your teeth. You may not know you have it, it is a painless or minimally painful disease. Gum disease is caused by plaque, the slimy biofilm substance that sits at the bottom of your teeth, it is a bacterial haven. Dr. Toomin and Dr. Bieber can help. Scheduling regular dental check ups, and dental cleanings can help reduce and even eliminate gum disease.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by the bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.
Gum disease is a common and treatable affliction for most adults. Thorough oral hygiene can reverse gum disease in its early stages so that not all gingivitis progresses. When plaque is allowed to build up, however, it mineralizes and becomes more difficult to treat.
There is no great secret to preventing gum disease. The best way to avoid gum disease is a good oral hygiene routine that begins early in life and is practiced consistently. Additionally, regular trips to the dentist will ensure that we can catch gum disease when its symptoms first start to appear.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. With gingivitis, you may be experiencing gums that are red, swollen and bleed easily. In this early phase, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by our dental hygienist with your regular dental cleaning, followed by daily brushing and flossing.
To spot the signs of gum disease, look for:
Red, puffy or swollen, tender gums.
gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing.
Bad breath or a bad taste that does not seem to go away.
Gums that have pulled away or receded from the teeth.
Teeth shifting, becoming loose or separating.
Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
Any change in the fit of partial dentures.
5 Symptoms of Gum Disease
Advanced Stage - Periodontitis
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis. Experiencing periodontitis chronically can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support your teeth, allowing the problem to become more severe over time. As this phase progresses, your teeth will being to feel loose and start shifting in your mouth.
This can cause a variety of problems including your bite not aligning like it should, causing pain in your jaw, it can effect your speech, your ability to eat, and eventually the loss of teeth. It usually gets worse slowly, but there can be periods of rapid progression.
Schedule Your Periodontal Dental Appointment
Health conditions including pregnancy, smoking and diabetes can increase the likelihood of having gum disease. It's important to schedule an appointment at Toomin & Bieber Dentistry if you suspect you have gum disease, the sooner you treat it the better. Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. For more information on gum disease and how we can help, contact our dental office at (818) 748-9998.